Dealing with Back Pains
Lower back that provides mobility for day-to-day movement such as bending and twisting. The muscles of the lower back are responsible for flexing and rotating hips while walking, as well as supporting the spinal column. Lower back is remarkably well-engineered structure of interconnecting bones, joints, nerves, ligaments, and muscles all working together to provide support, strength, and flexibility to the body. Yet, this complex structure leaves the lower back susceptible to injuries and pain due to many reasons that after a point become difficult to identify.
Identify the Symptoms
A variety of symptoms are associated with lower back pain. They can be labelled as mild and merely annoying sometimes, but they can be severe and debilitating other times. Therefore, depending on the pain that a person is experiencing, symptoms of a lower back pain can be seen in variety of ways like
- A dull or an achy pain in the lower back
- Stinging, burning pain that moving from the lower back to the backs of the thighs, and sometimes into the lower legs or feet; can include numbness or tingling
- Muscle spasms and tightness in the low back, pelvis, and hips
- Pain that worsens after prolonged sitting or standing
- Difficulty while standing up straight, walking, or going from standing to sitting
Symptoms That Require Immediate Attention
A lower back pain can sometimes be a signal to a serious medical condition. People who experience any of the following symptoms are advised to seek immediate care.
- Loss of bladder and bowel control
- Recent weight loss not due to lifestyle changes, such as diet and exercise
- Fever and chills
- Severe, unrelenting pain in the abdomen
With all the symptoms mentioned above, the lower back pain can usually be classified by type of onset and duration of the pain, which can be further classified into:
- Acute Pain- Pains that usually comes suddenly and lasts up to a week or so. It is generally considered a normal response to a tissue damage. The pain gradually subsides as the body heals.
- Subacute Pain- It lasts mostly between 6 weeks to 3 months. Such kind of pain is usually a muscle strain or a joint pain but is prolonged. If it limits a person’s ability to participate in day-to-day activities, it is then advisable to consult a doctor and get a medical workup.
- Chronic Pain- If the pains last for more than 3 months, then this type of pains is labelled as a chronic pain. Such pain needs immediate medical attention where all the medical work plan would be done in order to identify the source of the pain and then its treatment procedure.
Types of Lower Back Pain
- Mechanical Pain- If the pain is caused due to muscles, ligaments, joint or bones in or around spine, the pain is then referred as a mechanical pain. It is by far the most common cause of lower pain. This type of pain tends to be localized to the lower back, buttocks, and sometimes the top of the legs.
- Radicular Pain- This type pain occurs if a spinal nerve root becomes impinged or inflamed. This type of Radicular pain follow a nerve root pattern or dermatome down into the buttock and/or leg. Its specific sensation is sharp, electric, burning-type pain and can be associated with numbness or weakness and is typically felt on only one side of the body.
Source of the Pain
Muscle Strain and Ligament Sprain
A sprain or a strain in the lower back can happen within a blink of an eye and can even develop slowly over time from repetitive movements. Strains happen when a muscle is stretched too far and tear overly. On the other hand, Sprains happen when overstretching and tearing affects ligaments which are connected to the bones. Sprains and Strains can happen under following conditions:
- Lifting a heavy object, or twisting the spine while lifting
- Sudden movements that place too much stress on the low back, such as a fall
- Poor posture over time
- Sports injuries, especially in sports that involve twisting or large forces of impact
With such sprains and strains, a pain the lower back is generally acute and can heal over a period of time. While there are other conditions that generate chronic lower back pains. To mention few:
- Lumbar herniated disc
- Degenerative disc disease
- Facet joint dysfunction
- Sacroiliac joint dysfunction
- Spinal stenosis
- Compression fracture
>> Read- Other Causes of Lower Back Pain
Less Common Causes of Low Back Pain
Considered lesser than the above-mentioned causes, but lower back pain can also be caused by the following reasons:
- Infection- Also referred as osteomyelitis, it is rare spinal infection can cause severe chronic pain that can be life-threatening if left untreated.
- Tumor- Spinal tumours start in another part of the body which then metastasize to the spine. Any new symptoms of back pain in a patient with a known diagnosis of cancer should be evaluated for possible spinal metastasis.
Onset of Low Back Pain Symptoms
Depending on the cause of low back pain, the onset of symptoms can vary widely. Back pain may include:
- Pain that develops slowly over time.
- Pain that develops slowly over time.
- Immediate pain after an injury
- Delayed symptoms of injury
Not able to identify the kind of lower back and then not treating it on the time can worsen the situation. Hence, keep yourself healthy and catch your cause of the back pain.
Also, if you seek any kind of medical advice from leading hospitals and doctors, please feel free to contact All About Seniors. We try to get you in touch with the right doctor.
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