Understanding The Stages of Alzheimers Disease
One of the biggest fear that every senior fear of getting is affected with the Alzheimer’s Disease. Alzheimer’s is a brain disease where a senior’s ability to do any activity or remember anything deteriorates. This disease typically follows certain stages which bring a lot of changes for the patient and for every individual attached to the patient, in every aspect of their lives. Alzheimer's disease affects differently to every patient and their family. The symptoms, treatment and diet depending on the response the patient gives.
Therefore, it is important for the caretakers and the family members to understand the stages of Alzheimer’s, so that in future you are aware of the situations & symptoms and know how to tackle them and ease the situation. Since currently there is no cure for this disease or it can be reversed it is important to be aware of the situations and the stages of the Alzheimer’s. Sit back and read this article for the betterment of the patient.
Stage I ( No Impairment or Preclinical)
In this stage, the symptoms are not very much identifiable through which you can find whether the person has Alzheimer’s or not. You can or may know about the risk with the family history, or a doctor may distinct the biomarkers that indicate the risk.
In the case of the doctor, he will interview about the memory problems if the person is at the risk of Alzheimer’s. There will be obvious symptoms during this stage which can last for years. Therefore, assigning a caretaker at this stage is not needed. The patient is fully independent and even may not have the disease.
Stage II (Normal Forgetfulness and Mild Impairment)
This stage affects mainly older adults over 65 years of age. Slight forgetfulness or difficulties are common at this stage. The decline of forgetting will happen at a greater rate than similarly aged people without Alzheimer’s. Certain names or family member's’ name can be difficult for the patient to remember. At this stage, the social activities won’t interfere while there will be very mild memory troubles for the patients.
Stage III (Mild Declining)
Symptoms are less clear in stage 3. Only people close to the patient would be able to identify the symptoms as they are always aware of their daily routines. Working quality will decline and may have difficulties in learning new skills. In this stage, the doctor will conduct an intense interview than usual cases of memory loss. Alzheimer’s patients would definitely need a counselling especially if they have complex ob responsibilities.
Stage IV (Moderate Declining)
This stage lasts for 2 years and marks the diagnosable Alzheimer’s disease. The patient will have difficulty with complex but everyday tasks. They might experience mood swings which can be evidently observed by the family members. Responses will be less especially in a challenging situation. They will be less aware of the recent events and will have trouble with handling financial situations. This is the stage where a need of caretaker is needed for helping in tasks such as writing checks, ordering food and buying groceries.
Stage V (Moderate Dementia)
This stage of Alzheimer’s disease requires a lot of support. The patient often experiences feelings of anger and suspiciousness. They will remember the family member’s name but to remember weather conditions, major life events or current address can be tough for them. Patients at this stage will need help for everyday’s tasks and can no longer live independently. They can take care of themselves but pick the right clothes will be a trouble.
Stage VI (Moderately Severe Alzheimer’s)
There are five identifiable characteristics that cover over the course of 2.5 years:-
6a. Unable to choose right clothing, it will get difficult for them to put the clothes correctly.
6b. Taking care of oral hygiene will be totally ignored. Even adjusting water temperature before baths will be difficult for them
6c-6e. At first, they forget to flush or throw away the tissue paper away in the washroom. When the disease progresses, they often lose control over their bladder and need help in cleanliness.
For personal care and assistance, the patient needs a caretaker more than family assistance. It is important because they may also start sleep more in the day time and wander at night.
Stage VI (Severe Alzheimer’s)
There are sub-stages in this final stage which last about 1-15 years each. The sub-stages are as follows:
7a. The speech is limited or they use few words. At times, they might even forget what they wanted to say.
7b. Recognising words will be difficult.
7c. Speed is lost.
7d. They are unable to sit independently.
7e. Smiles are replaced with grim facial.
7f. Holding their head up will be difficult for them.
Since caretaker is already provided for the patient for daily basis, the ability to respond to the environment is lost. Death caused because of Alzheimer’s is often because of pneumonia.
Alzheimer’s is definitely a risky disease, they might cost you your life. Therefore, it’s important for the caretakers and the family members to give proper time to the patients and make them exercise a little bit every day during the initial stages to prevent the later stages. Stay updated about everything about seniors at www.allaboutseniors.in and get the best information.
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